Pre-aspiration

O Goireasan Akerbeltz
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We have already noted that when the consonants t c p (broad and slender) are preceded by a vowel, a h sound precedes them. This is referred to as pre-aspiration. This pre-aspiration normally takes the form of a voiceless breathing h before each of the consonants t c p. However, before c, it is very often realised as ch. Listen carefully to the following examples. You may notice that the pre-aspiration h is not very audible following long vowels.

[hd] [kahd] cat cat
[lahd] leat with you
[bahdə] bata stick (n.)
[ʰd] [baːʰdə] bàta boat
[hb] [mahb] map map (n.)
[tahbə] tapadh cleverness
[kuhbə] cupa cup (n.)
[xg] [maxg] mac son
[sɔxg] soc snout
[Lʲaxg] leac flagstone
[axgə] aca at them
[hdʲ] [kahdʲ] cait cats
[ihdʲag] iteag feather
[Lʲihdʲə] lite porridge
[Lʲihdʲɪrʲ] litir letter
[ʰdʲ] [aːʰdʲə] àite place
[çb] [kʲiçban] cipean stake (n.)
[suçbər] suipear supper
[çgʲ] [miçgʲ] mic sons
[açgʲə] aice at her
[fɛçgʲ] faic see!
[Lʲiçgʲə] lice flagstone (genitive)



Fuaimean na Gàidhlig
Vowels - Consonants - Fricatives - Slenderisation - Pre-aspiration - Lenition - Helping vowel - Diphthongs
Hiatus - l n r - rt & rd - Vowels before rr ll nn - Unstressed vowels


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